Anonymous Sperm Donation in Australia
In Australia a sperm donor is either a known donor (where the donor is known to the recipient) or an anonymous donor. An anonymous sperm donor is where the identity of the donor is not known to the recipient but details will legally be made available for later access by the offspring once they reach 18 years of age.
Who can become an anonymous Sperm Donor?
Becoming a sperm donor can be one of the most generous acts a man can make. One in six couples in Australia have difficulty conceiving a child. A large proportion of these couples experience male infertility problems and need the help of a donor to achieve their dream of a family. In addition, single women and women in same sex relationships also require donor sperm to achieve pregnancy and a child.
All sperm donors who donate via a fertility clinic must adhere to guidelines developed by the Reproductive Technology Accreditation Committee of the Fertility Society of Australia, and the National Health and Medical Research Council, including:
- donors must be older than 21 years of age and younger than 50 years of age
- donors must be shown by blood tests before and after three months of quarantining of the semen samples to be free of serious infection or genetic conditions
- donors must have never previously donated at any other fertility clinic
- donors must have no medical conditions or illnesses, either in himself or in his family that may be passed on to future children.
People need donor sperm for a variety of reasons, including men with an irreversible failure of sperm production. The failure of sperm production could also be caused by a severe illness or trauma earlier in life.
Under the Assisted Reproductive Technology Act 2008, effective from 1st January 2010, same sex couples and single women can also access donor sperm to have a child.
Availability of anonymous sperm donors:
There is currently a severe shortage of donor sperm in Australia and there is currently a waiting list for people who wish to use donor sperm to become pregnant via a clinic.